Hiragana & Katakana

Welcome to an introduction to kana. Japanese is written using three different kinds of characters for different purposes. This site is designed to help you remember the Japanese kanahiragana and katakana—characters. Hiragana and katakana are syllabaries, a set of written characters representing specific sounds or syllables, which each contain 46 primary phonetic characters and 58 variants of the primary characters for the production of related sounds.
Note that neither modern hiragana nor katakana have kana to represent /ye/, /yi/ or /wu/ sounds.
「ゐ」/wi/ and 「ゑ」/we/ in hiragana, or 「ヰ」/wi/ and 「ヱ」/we/ in katakana are obsolete Japanese kana.
While no longer a part of standard orthography, both wi and we are still sometimes used stylistically.

Japanese can be written horizontally or vertically.
Traditionally, Japanese writing has been vertical in a format called tategaki with columns running right to left. Horizontal writing in the format called yokogaki is the left-to-right direction just like writing regular English.

This writing format is vertical; therefore, the direction runs from top-to-bottom and ordered from right-to-left.
(Click each box to learn the stroke order.)
Hiragana Chart
N
WA
RA
YA
MA
HA
NA
TA
SA
KA
A
( WI )
R I
(Y I )
M I
H I
N I
CHI
SHI
K I
I
( WU )
RU
YU
MU
HU
NU
TSU
SU
KU
U
( WE )
RE
( YE )
ME
HE
NE
TE
SE
KE
E
WO
RO
YO
MO
HO
NO
TO
SO
KO
O

 

Katakana Chart